The American Sable rabbit is a medium-sized rabbit breed that weighs around 8 to 10 lbs. The male breed usually is lighter compared to the female but both have commercial-sized body type. They have round head and erect ears.
They have soft and dense fur and coat that is available only in one color. Dark sepia is the color that appears on their head, ears, back, top of the tail, and the feet while the other colors are like faded tan. This colorization can be compared to those of the Siamese cat. An American Sable rabbit has a life span of 5 to 8 years in average.
Personality and Temperament
This rabbit breed is best for first-time pet owners, single people, senior citizens, and are ideal as apartment rabbits or house rabbits. They can get well along with older children because of their sweet, playful, and active personality.
They are rabbits with full energy and will happily run and hop around any areas of your home. They could also start to enjoy human companionship especially if they get exposed to humans on a regular basis building trust and confidence with them. They are fond of human contact too and will enjoy gentle back strokes and in between their ears. They are also trainable with some simple rabbit tricks and potty training.
Health and Care
Even if they are relatively short-haired rabbits, grooming their coat is still required because their coat fur is thick and sheds more often specially during molting period. Regular brushing using specialized rabbit comb is required during this time particularly if you are housing an indoor rabbit.
70 percent of their diet must be mainly composed of fresh grass hay. This could be mixed with other rabbit foods such as pellets, leafy green vegetables, and fruit mixes. Fruits that have high sugar content must be limited. Some types of lettuce, like the iceberg lettuce must be avoided as it contain a very little amount of fiber. Grasses and plants are not all the time healthy for rabbits and it may contain toxic substances such as fertilizer spray, pesticides and chemicals. Moreover, some wild plants can be poisonous, thus, it is important to know which flowers and plants are not suitable for rabbits to consume.
These rabbits can easily adapt to both indoor and outdoor housing provided that they are given proper housing supplies and security and that they are protected from extreme temperatures. Too much heat or coldness can cause them stress and poor health. Proper ventilation must be applied. Cages or hutches that are not secured properly allow your rabbit to escape or to be easily attacked by predators such as wolves, raccoons, and other wild animals.
Enrichment activities can be provided through toys like balls, cardboards, and tunnels. You also need to give them time to play outside of their cage to explore and address their curiosity and inquisitive needs. For this matter, rabbit proofing your home or backyard is very important.
Like other rabbit breeds, the American Sable rabbit can also be susceptible to several rabbit diseases such as or overgrowing of teeth, but this can be prevented through proper grooming and regular health check. Ear mite infections can also be acquired easily as their ears are always standing erect and open. Ear check must be done regularly and cleaning of ears must be performed on a weekly basis or as often as necessary.
Spaying or neutering is something to consider for all your pet rabbits. Doing this has been proven to reduce several rabbit diseases and some risk factors especially the ones that develop at maturity. This will also make you have a happier rabbit because their aggression and hormonal behavior could easily become manageable.
History and Background of American Sable Rabbit
This breed of domesticated rabbit has been developed during the early 20th century in California. Otto Brock, the developer of the American Sable rabbit, crossbred Chinchilla rabbit with other rabbit breeds which resulted to this appearance. After the American Sable Rabbit Association was founded in 1929, later after that, about 2 years (1931) ARBA or the American Rabbit Breeder’s Association acknowledged the American Sable as one of the accepted rabbit breeds.